Posts Tagged ‘Tolkien’

Sam the Spy (J.R.R. Tolkien: The Lord of the Rings)

Saturday, December 25th, 2021

I read Tolkien’s “Canon”, that is, The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion, every year about Christmas. So also this year.

If you are among the lucky readers that get to immerse yourself in The Lord of the Rings regularly, you may have wondered about Sam’s thoughts and reactions in The Shadow of the Past. After Sam’s exchange with Ted Sandyman at The Green Dragon inn at Bywater, we learn that Sam had a good deal to think about (…) He would have a busy day tomorrow (…) But Sam had more on his mind than gardening. After a while he sighed, and got up and went out. When I read this, I used to pause and consider what Sam was thinking about. For some years I thought it was Rose Cotton that was on his mind. But she does not enter the story until the very end. So what is it that bothers Sam so much?

We learn that this is the same time as Gandalf is visiting Frodo. And their exchange about The Ring must be the next morning. When Sam is discovered by Gandalf, eavesdropping outside Frodo’s windows in Bag End, Sam first try to bluff Gandalf, producing his garden shears. Then he quakes and begs mercy and talks like a waterfall. Finally, he shouts of joy, before bursting into tears. Anyone may feel a bit intimidated under Gandalf’s bristling beard and brow, but isn’t this reaction a bit much? Sam is a bit of an emotional type, but shouting of joy, and then crying his eyes out?

We know from A Conspiracy Unmasked that Sam, Merry and Pippin are conspiring against Frodo leaving The Shire alone, and have been for years. Sam is presented as the chief investigator of the group. Here it all comes together. Merry and Pippin has talked Sam into spying on Frodo and Gandalf. It is not strange that he is thinking a lot and planning how to get through with this, even cooking up an alibi of mowing the lawn, and trimming the grass outside exactly the window where Frodo and Gandalf are discussing The Ring. He is even almost caught at one point, where he appears to coincidentally pass along the garden path whistling. Let us repeat that: He actually passes by, whistling innocently. When I read this again, I almost can’t believe Gandalf not seeing through this! When Sam finally is discovered, he actually tricks Frodo and Gandalf into believing that he only coincidentally heard what they were talking about. It is not strange that he first babbles and begs before finally shouts of joy and bursts into tears. He cries in relief of not disclosing the conspiracy. He is not revealed as a spy yet – and luckily, not by Gandalf, or he might actually been turned into a spotted toad.

In Crickhollow, after the conspiracy is finally unmasked, Sam says that Frodo ought to take the Elves advice. Gildor said you should take them as was willing, and you can’t deny it. Frodo’s answer is a bit remarkable unless you have figured out the connection: I’ll never believe you are sleeping again. Here, Frodo is of course pointing to the fact that in Three is a company, while Gildor has a conversation with Frodo, and that while these words fall, Sam sat curled up at Frodo’s feet, where at least he nodded and closed his eyes. But Sam is here still the spy in the group. He only pretends to sleep, and is actually eavesdropping as hard as he can all the time. This is taken up again by Merry in The Palantir: Now Pippin my lad, don’t forget Gildor’s saying – the one Sam used to quote: “Do not meddle in the affairs of Wizards, for they are subtle and quick to anger.” Gildor said this to Frodo while Sam was apparently sleeping.

At the end of The Council of Elrond we hear that Sam again is spying and eavesdropping. He suddenly jumps up from the corner where he had been quietly sitting on the floor, and Elrond remarks that the council was secret, and that Sam was not invited.

In Flight to the Ford, Frodo says about Sam that First he was a conspirator, now he’s a jester. He’ll end up by becoming a wizard – or a warrior! And Sam answers: I hope not (…) I don’t want to be neither!. But at least his career as a conspiring spy was rather successful.

Merry Christmas, and a happy new year!

 

 

With great thanks to The Tolkien Professor and his Exploring the Lord of the Rings project, where the role of Sam has been more than thoroughly discussed

J.R.R. Tolkien: The Hobbit

Thursday, December 23rd, 2021

I read Tolkien’s “Canon”, that is, The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion, every year about Christmas. So also this year.

I recently got access to the new audiobook recording of The Hobbit, read by Andy Serkis. I have listened through The Hobbit many times before, but then usually the version read by Rob Inglis. While Inglis is still my favorite, Serkis does an excellent job, and of course, his top performance is Gollum. I have read this book perhaps 35-40 times over the last 25 years. I think I never have realized how abolute completely desperate and  crushed Gollum is when he realizes that his precious ring is gone. Also, Serkis’ Bilbo and Gandalf are great.

I’ reccomend this recording as a good alternative to Inglis’ version, just for the Gollum part alone.

Til Vetle – Amdir og Estel

Saturday, October 2nd, 2021

Advarsel: Nå går jeg straks full frontal Tolkien nerd. Here be Dragons!

Kjære Vetle

Elen síla lúmenn’ omentielvo. Det er en hilsen på Quenya, et av Tolkiens alviske språk. Det betyr En stjerne skinner over timen vi møtes. Veldig vakkert, ikke sant? Vi som har kjent Mamma og Pappa en stund vet, at du var et veldig velkomment barn. Stjernene skinte, og lykkeliten ble født, og du er, på et vis, Håp, i kjøtt og blod. Så jeg skal si noen få ord om Håp.

Tolkien – altså han som skrev bøkene Hobbiten og Ringenes Herre, som noen av dere muligens har hørt om; Tolkien har ikke ett, men to ord for håp – på alvisk: De er Amdir og Estel. Amdir og Estel.

Amdir er det håpet vi har til daglig. Vi håper det fint bra vær til vi skal på tur. Vi håper strømprisene ikke stiger for mye. Vi håper koronaen snart er over, så vi kan dra på konsert igjen. Vi håper Amazon sin nye Ringenes-Herre-TV-serie blir bra. Vi håper kanskje på regjeringsskifte, og at fadderbarna har det bra, det håper vi på. Du håper kanskje at den prøven du skal ha på skolen om noen uker ikke blir for vanskelig, eller at Pappa ikke så ofte må fortelle om jobben sin til VG for eksempel. Amdir er også håpet om at mormor skulle bli frisk, eller at det en gang blir fred i Midt-Østen. Alt dette er Amdir. Noen ganger får vi det vi håper. Andre ganger brister håpet.

Estel er et høyere håp. Estel er å se opp. Estel er tillit. Estel er å vite, at uansett hvordan det går i livet, om vi har rikelig med Amdir, eller klynger oss til et siste halmstrå, så har vi tillit til, at det er et høyere håp for oss. Vi vet at det er en Gud som ser oss, og vi kan hvile i at vår Verden har et Mål og en Plan. I den planen er du viktig og verdifull uansett.

Det har vært en glede å se deg vokse opp Vetle, og selv om du er konfirmert betyr det heldigvis ikke det at vi trenger å slutte å treffe deg. Som faddere har vi hatt noen oppgaver som vi fikk da du ble døpt. Vi kan kanskje ikke påberope oss å ha vært så veldig tungt inne i oppdragelsen din, men du skal vite at du har blitt bedt for, og kommer fortsatt til å bli bedt for.

I selve oppdragelsen har vi altså dessverre vært alt for passive. Det skal gjøre et siste forsøk på å rette opp nå. Vi har derfor tatt med oss en kasse med noen oppbyggelige filmer til deg:

Her er, i den rekkefølgen de bør sees:

• Star Wars episode 4, A New Hope
• Star Wars episode 5, The Empire Strikes Back
• Star Wars episode 6, Return of the Jedi
• Star Wars episode 1, The Phantom Menace
• Star Wars episode 2, Attack of the Clones
• Star Wars episode 3, Revenge of the Sith

… og ikke nok med det mine damer og herrer, for oppi kassa legger vi også

• Star Wars episode 7, The Force Awakenes
• Star Wars Rouge One
• Star Wars episode 8, The Last Jedi
• Star Wars episode 9, The Rise of Skywalker

Og for at ikke det ikke skal være fare for at du blir helt Star Wars-nerd, legger vi oppi noen oppbyggelige bøker også:

Her har vi Hobbiten, og så klart, Ringenes Herre

Gratulerer med dagen Vetle, og Gud velsigne deg

J.R.R. Tolkien: Morgoth’s Ring

Tuesday, August 18th, 2020

Hva gjorde godeste John Ronald da han var nesten ferdig, og ferdig med å skrive og få publisert Ringenes Herre? Jo, da vendte han tilbake til Silmarillion. Ikke bare for å forsøke å skrive den ferdig. Den livsløgnen hadde ingen tatt fra ham ennå. Men under skrivingen av Ringenes Herre dukket det opp en hel masse nye elementer og kontekst som det var nødvendig for ham å retroaktivt bake inn i legendariet sitt. Mange tenker at fortellingene i Silmarillion dannet bakteppet for den Midtgard vi kjenner fra Ringenes Herre. Men det var like mye omvendt.

Hvor kom egentlig orkene fra? Har de en sjel? Og hva så med sjelene til andre skapninger i Arda? Hvis alvers sjeler lever uendelig etter at kroppen dør, hva da med ekteskap mellom en alv som lever med kropp, og en avsjelet alv som venter i Mandos?

Når vi vet at Verden var rund, og alvene ikke kan lyve; kunne den da være flat en gang i tiden? Hva skjer med opphavsmytene når Tolkien prøver å tilpasse fortellingene til en mer vitenskapelig verdensanskuelse? Hvis sola ikke går i bane rundt jorda, men omvendt, hvordan går det da med fortellingen om Valinors trær og solas tilblivelse? Hva kom først? Og hvis det er omvendt likevel, hvor langt var et Valinoreisk år, målt i sol-år?

Alle disse mennene det blir fortalt om, helter som skurker, burde de ikke stå noe mer om kvinner? Hvordan så Nerdanel, Fëanors kone ut? Hva likte hun å gjøre? Ungoliant, Tolkiens verste monster, hva synes hun om å bli dratt ut av bôlet sitt av Melkor for å gjøre hans vilje?

Hele Silmarillion ble skrevet fra alvenes synsvinkel. Hva synes menneskene om denne “gaven” som Gud gav dem, å eldes og dø i usikkerhet om sin sjels sjebne. Diskusjonen mellom alvekongen og den vise kona, Athrabeth Finrod ah Andreth er verdt boka alene.

Så skal det ikke stikkes bort at dette er tungt stoff. Det er mye fortvilt sjelegnag og ren teologi, og mye repitisjon av kjente fortellinger, forholdsvis tørt fremlagt i versjon etter versjon, med Christopher Tolkien i redaktørrollen, komplett med fotnoter, appendix og navneregister til slutt.

Anbefales for de veldig spesielt interesserte.

Creation Day (J.R.R. Tolkien: The Silmarillion)

Wednesday, December 25th, 2019

A version of this text was presented as the lecture for Creation Day, Holmlia Church, 2019-06-19.

[Introduction: Excerpts from The Ainulindalë accompagnied by folk music improvisation on organ and violin]

Some of you may know that I’m a Tolkien enthusiast. I give away Tolkien books on my own birthday. Sometimes I feel like going door-to-door with The Lord of the Rings and its gospel; *Ding* *dong* Goood Morning! Did you know that Tolkien’s books may change your life? (What is that? Yes, Good Morning in all meanings of that expression, thank you). Now, as I can present this before you here in church, I probably won’t have to.

For many, the language professor John Ronald Reuel Tolkien only means his books The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. Some have even not read any of his books, but may have seen films with strange wizards, orcs, elves, and a good deal of fighting. But this is Creation Day, so in this small lecture there will be less orcs, Gandalf, Bilbo, Frodo, and the Ring. Instead I will talk a bit about Tolkien’s thoughts on God as the Creator, his Creation, and Men, as God’s sub-creators.

In the introduction, we heard lines from Tolkien’s creation myth, the Ainulindalë, that is, The Music of the Ainur: God gives the Ainur, that is, his angels, a theme to improvise over. Then he lets the song unfold, and when the song is finished, he shows them what they have sung. He says: Ëa! Let this world be! And the song is the World. When the song is sung, its life is the history of the World unfolding. Isn’t that just incredibly beautiful?

The Ainur enjoys the high mountains and the deep valleys, and the sea, and the elves, and the trees, and the flowers, and the animals they have sung about. But in the middle of the harmonies, Melkor’s dissonance is heard. The mightiest of the angels sets his own thoughs above God’s thoughs, and wants to rule, and in pride, fill the void with subjects under his dominion. But what first sounds like destroying God’s theme, is itself taken up in the song, and makes it even more fulfilled.

In the motion of the sea, the song is most clearly heard. Now further in the Ainulindalë, we hear how Melkor in his rebellion makes extreme cold, freezing the water, and uncontrolled heat, boiling it to steam. But in the midst of the freezing cold, we get beautiful snowflakes, and from the heat and steam, there are clouds and life-giving rain. Tolkien shows us that even when the Creation is challenged by evil, God can always turn the evil to something good in the end. God doesn’t want evil to happen, but when it happens, hope is always there. And when Time comes to its end, and the final chord is sung, we may see that hope and faith in the middle of evil, gave the most beautiful music played in God’s honor.

Those reading Tolkien’s books will soon observe his joy of nature. The books are swarming of life. There are bushes and flowers and trees of all kinds, and everything has value; from pipe weed to oak trees. There are insects and foxes, eagles and ravens, bears and elephants, and even the simplest flower may be important and save lives. Tolkien loved the landscape were he grew up, with meadows, woods, small rivers, hills, and the other crossroads with an inn with good beer. But he also loved the snow in the high mountains, the mighty large rivers, the deep cloven valleys, the sun in the sky, the stars of Elbereth, thunder claps and storm over mountains, and the wind of the sea. There is a lot of God’s creation wihin Tolkien’s Middle Earth.

Tolkien criticize those who says that fairy-tales and fantastic stories are just escapism, and have nothing to do with reality. In one of his most known lectures, he turns this upside-down: In a World of evil, somebody wants to tell that there is Light in the darkness and make stories of Hope. What is wrong with that? And Escaping means getting from prison to freedom. That is a Good Thing!

Tolkien says that one of the most important features of a fairy-tale, is to experience anew the small and large wonders of the World. When in The Lord of the Rings we read about Frodo coming to the elven wood Lothlórien; For the first time in his life, he realizes what a Tree really is. He feels the bark, the trunk, the branches, and the leaves. They are full of color and smell and sound and Life. The Ents, the sheperds of the Trees, that watches over the woods of Fangorn Forest, sing and talk to their trees, and mourns them when they die. Trees are so much more than something that’s just there. Go and watch and smell and enjoy the life of the trees in the grove you pass on the way to work every day.

Aragorn and his rangers have watched over Hobbiton and Bree, and held evil forces away, without the people living there knowing about this. When you get to live in freedom and peace, remember in thankfulness who built the peace, and who is watching over it. After reading about the faithful friendship between Sam and Frodo, find again the joy in the relations to your friends. When the story about Aragorn and Arwen’s long awaited marriage is told, or Faramir’s spontanous proposal to Eowyn, or Rose and Sam’s happy wedding, renew the joy of your partner, and delight in your choice. Fantasy and fairy-stories gives us the opportunity to recovery, to find again the fantastic from the domestic.

Man is special in God’s creation. Tolkien meant that God has put a spark of his creating power within us, making us more than animals. In telling myth and stories, we make new things that weren’t there before. We are sub-creators.

When we make new stories, or tell or retell myths, they are of course not the Truth. But as the light is spread through a prism making a spectrum of colors, our stories are created from the True Light. Thus, Myth and stories may show us a glimpse of the Truth. This is good, and not only because they come of God’s true Light. When light is broken into colors, they are no longer perfect white: Some becomes red, some blue, some yellow, some violet. But in this spectrum of colors, something new has been created, that earlier was not. And it has value in itself.

Unfortunately, we can not all write like Tolkien. There are those that try, and you get … things … like Game of Thrones and other garbage. But when we use our talents, we are sub-creators too. If that is being a priest, or taking pictures, or making music, or doing accounting, or sports, or teaching, or baking, or programming, or carpentry; That is fullfilment of the potential of God’s light through us. With all our strange shapes and colors, we bring fourth a richness that would not exist without us. And though our sub-creation is not perfect, it still has its source in God’s unbroken bright light.

The Rivendell Resort for the Resting (J.R.R. Tolkien: The Lord of the Rings)

Tuesday, December 24th, 2019

I read Tolkien’s “Canon”, that is, The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion, every year about Christmas. So also this year.

What was Bilbo up to after he left Hobbiton, and until Frodo met him again in Rivendell. While there are few explicit mentions, there are some cues that we may explore.

First, when Bilbo was packing and leaving Bag End after his long expected party, he was again going with dwarves. They are not named, but it seems likely that they are the same who delivered goods from Dale to the party, and have probably stayed in the guest rooms of Bag End since. No dwarves were mentioned at the party, and I guess they would have, had they been present. So Bilbo goes with the dwarves, and as he tells to Frodo later, he goes on his last journey all the way to The Mountain, that is, Erebor, and to Dale. He comes too late to visit his old friend Balin – he had left for Moria. Then Bilbo returned to Rivendell. No more is told about his travels back, though it is easy to speculate. When he left the Mountain, returning homewards the previous time, he was invited to the halls of his friend the Elven King, that is Thranduil of Mirkwood/Greenwood the Great, but gently rejected the offer. It would be natural to pay him a visit on his second return westwards. The elves would give him safe journey through the forest. By legend, he was probably well known to the Beornings too, and I would guess he got a safe and well escorted journey back over the Misty Mountains.

Back in Rivendell, Frodo got acquainted to Aragorn the Ranger. If Bilbo uses one year on his journey to Erebor and back to Rivendell, he is 112, and Aragorn would be at the frisky age of 71. While Aragorn is often away, helping in the watch of the Shire, or on errantry for Gandalf, like going hunting for Gollum, he is probably often back in Rivendell. Bilbo speaks of him as his good friend, the Dùnadan, and when they sneak away in the Hall of Fire, it sounds like it is not the first time they redraw to look over his verses.

So what has Bilbo done over the next 16 years? Like the Asbjørnsen and Moe, or the Grimm brothers, he has literally collected fairy tales. The Red Book of Westmarch that goes from Bilbo and Frodo to Sam at the end of the story, contains several long stories and verse translated from Elvish by Bilbo. Within this frame, this is what we may call the Silmarillion Traditions. And based on this, he may have written quite a few verses of his own. When he recites for Erestor and other elves in the Hall of Fire, it is clear that this is not the first time he does this, though he does not often get asked for a second hearing.

Finally in Rivendell, Bilbo got his own parlor. After Frodo’s reception dinner, and all the singing and reciting of verse in the Hall of Fire, we are told that Frodo and Bilbo retreats to Bilbo’s room, where they can exit to a veranda that looks out over a garden and the river. We know Bilbo was always fond of his garden, and it is nice to know that the elves of Rivendell provided him with one just outside his room.

If I had to grow old in solitude, I’d like a room at the Rivendell Resort for the Resting, please.

J.R.R. Tolkien: The Hobbit

Monday, December 23rd, 2019

I read Tolkien’s “Canon”, that is, The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion, every year about Christmas. So also this year.

There is said so much about this book already, so instead of adding more non-interesting chatter to the World, I’d rather again this year show off my latest acquisition to my Hobbit collection: The annotated Hobbit:
20191223_083535_compress41

This is a true treasure for Hobbit fans. In addition to the actual text, it contains tons of information, like the contemporary context for the book, different versions and updates among the many editions, possible inspirations and related texts, fun facts, illustrations from Hobbit variants of the World,

20191223_083755_compress6

20191223_083631_compress94

notes on the meaning of names and places, and so much more.

20191223_083725_compress1

It even contains the full text of The Quest of Erebor, that was meant as an appendix for The Lord of the Rings, but was cut before its release.

This is the revised and expanded version of The Annotated Hobbit. We owe great thanks to Douglas A. Anderson who must have gone to extremes while researching for this edition.

This book is greatly recommended for those who enjoy being immersed in footnotes, distractions, and fun facts while reading. Ah, that would be the typical Tolkien fan, I guess.

20191223_084028_compress7

It is another great addition to my ever growing list of Hobbits.

Tolkien’s fan service (J.R.R. Tolkien: The Lord of the Rings)

Monday, December 24th, 2018

I read Tolkien’s “Canon”, that is, The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion, every year about Christmas. So also this year.

When I read through the first chapter of The Fellowship of the Ring again, I stumbled over all those small things that remind about The Hobbit. Going through them more systematically, it is clear that Tolkien started out wanting to create a sequal, and he uses a lot of small details to bind the first chapters of the new book closely to the previous one.

Starting with the title, A long expected party, of course closely mimicking the Hobbit’s first chapter An unexpected party. During Bilbo’s feast, Gandalf shows off his firework display, as he did on the Old Tooks parties a long time ago, according to The Hobbit. The firework elements themselves reminiscing parts of the story of the Hobbit. The trees of Greenwood the Great (or Mirkwood if you like), complete with butterflies. Then there are the eagles, a thunderstorm, an embattled army of elves with silver spears, and of course, the mountain and the dragon as the Grand Finale. Then Bilbo holds his speech, reminding the bored guests about his coming to Esgaroth on his 50th birthday, before he makes his special exit.

After Bilbo has disappeared in a flash and a bang, and left 144 flabbergasted guests back in the pavillion, we follow him and Gandalf back into Bag End. Here we see him pulling out his old treasures from The Hobbit; His sword Sting, the green cloak and hood that he borrowed from Dwalin (rather too large for him), and of course, his journey’s diary, the actual Hobbit book itself, nicely written into the story, and, as he tells Gandalf, he has written an end for it: “And he lived happily ever after, to the end of his days”, like the book actually ends. Gandalf reminds Bilbo about the will – the contract with Frodo if you like, that should be put on the same place as Bilbo found his own contract 77 years earlier, by the clock on the mantlepiece. He then sets out with dwarves, again.

At Crickhollow, the evening before the hobbits set out together, Merry and Pippin has made a song mimicking the song the Dwarves sang before Thorin and company set out. Out on the road, Frodo and his merry followers visit a tavern, like Thorin’s travelling party is said to have done too. They enter the wilder region, and Frodo and company sees the hills with old ruins on them, just like Bilbo did. After crossing the same stone bridge, they even discover the trolls that Gandalf tricked to stay out until the dawn made them to stone. Finally, the second book of the Fellowship starts with a rest in Elrond’s house, as did Bilbo.

Tolkien’s eye for details gives the fans of The Hobbit great value for their money, and a world full of small well-known nuggets to get comfortable before the quest takes off into the parts of Middle-Earth where they have not travelled before.

Are there more hints of the Hobbit in The Fellowship of the Ring than those listed here? I probably missed a lot of them.

J.R.R. Tolkien: The Hobbit

Sunday, December 23rd, 2018

I read Tolkien’s “Canon”, that is, The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion, every year about Christmas. So also this year.

There is said so much about this book already, so instead of adding more non-interesting chatter to the World, I’d rather again this year show off my latest acquisition to my Hobbit collection: The first Czech edition of the Hobbit: Hobit aneb Cesta tam a zase zpátky. This version is a bit special; its first release came in a country that no longer exists, Czechoslovakia, in 1978. It has strange and gorgeous illustrations by Jiří Šalamoun, resembling a humorous naïve style, almost like children’s drawings, while still with a deep artistic impression.

20190102_134808_small

20190102_134820_small

20190102_134900_small

20190102_135102_small

20190124_134022_small

Another great addition to my ever growing list of Hobbits.

J.R.R. Tolkien: The Silmarillion

Friday, December 29th, 2017

I read Tolkien’s “canon”, that is, The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion, around Christmas every year. So also this year.

One of the most fascinating stories in The Silmarillion is of course the story of Túrin Turambar. He is regarded as one of the major heroes of his age. At the Council of Elrond, Elrond himself lists the great men and elf-friends of old, Hador and Húrin and Túrin and Beren. But while reading through the Silmarillion, there are few among mortal men that have also added so much pain and disaster to the elves. While a great war hero, Húrin was also responsible for the slaying of the greatest hunter of the elves, Beleg Cúthalion, the strong bow. Being the war hero, he turned the people of Nargothrond away from the wisdom of their history, and even their king, and made the hidden kingdom available for the enemy. How many elves were cruelly slain or taken to captivity in Angband because of Turin’s pride? Thousands! Perhaps even tens of thousands? So how come the elves, ages later, still reckoned Túrin son of Húrin as one of the great elf-friends?

In a Nordic saga style stunt, Túrin finally slew his greatest enemy, Glaurung the great fire-breathing dragon. Glaurung had been a continous danger to all peoples of Middle-Earth, and the end of that worm was of course a great relief to all the elves, even Elrond’s ancestors, the kings of Doriath and Gondolin. Also, we must remember that the lives of the elves are different from that of men. When the elves’ bodies die, their spirits go to Mandos, where they sit in the shadow of their thought, and from where they may even return, like Glorfindel of both Gondolin and Rivendell. But when men die, they go to somewhere else, and are not bound to the world. It seems that elves are more willing to forgive and let grief rest for wisdom over time, than are men’s wont. Even the Noldor who survived the passing of the Helcaraxë forgave and united the Noldor of Fëanor’s people that left them at the burning of the ships at Losgar.

Perhaps that is one of the lessons learned from the tragic story of Túrin. From all his unhappy life, good things happened, and afterwards, the elves forgave and even mourned him and his family.